Top Misunderstood Crypto Terms

By Boris Dzhingarov

Cryptocurrency is full of technical jargon. As an investor or simply interested in new trends, it’s crucial that you know what all these terms mean.

One common misperception regarding coins and tokens is their value determination by various factors. Although both products perform similar functions, their respective valuations depend on different aspects.


The cryptocurrency space can be confusing. Newcomers to this fast-evolved industry must apply critical thinking and conduct their own research in order to be successful; this effort should be guided by an understanding of crypto fundamentals; otherwise mistakes made can prove costly.

Cryptocurrency, commonly abbreviated as crypto, is a digital medium of exchange operating on computer networks. Unlike currency issued by governments or central banks, cryptocurrency relies solely on encryption algorithms and its value is determined by supply and demand.

Though cryptocurrency has become more and more mainstream, many remain confused about it. Many mistakenly believe it to be a scam or bubble; money launderers and tax evaders use cryptocurrency mainly, while some even speculate it can be used for purchasing illicit drugs. But in truth cryptocurrencies provide an invaluable service: cheaply and instantly transferring ownership globally without worrying whether your transaction will go through or not.


Cryptocurrency has introduced many unfamiliar terms quickly, some more technical than others and making headlines of mainstream news sources. It can be challenging keeping up with all these trends and developments, so this article aims to explain some commonly misunderstood cryptocurrency terms.

One of the more confusing terms in cryptocurrency is “token.” This term can refer to multiple meanings – from all forms of cryptocurrency to specific tokens on other blockchains – such as ERC-20 tokens like those created on Ethereum platforms such as 0x.

Cryptocurrencies are tokenized forms of encrypted data sent over the internet and recorded on digital ledgers, known as blockchains. All cryptocurrencies may technically be considered tokens; however, the term is also often applied to collectible coins like CryptoKitties that do not serve their original intended purpose: money transactions.

Tokens can be divided into three distinct categories: value tokens, security tokens and utility tokens. Value tokens are the most prevalent type of token; they represent specific amounts of a currency and can be traded and held for value just like traditional money. Security tokens serve to protect cryptocurrency values while utility tokens provide functionality outside of storage and trading them.

There are also many other kinds of tokens, each serving its own specific use case. For instance, decentralized finance (or DeFi) projects often create their own tokens that run atop existing blockchains to automate interest rates or sell virtual real estate – these tokens differ significantly from value and security tokens by being either fungible (where each unit has the same properties) or non-fungible (where each has unique properties).


Cryptoassets are digital representations of value and contractual rights created and verified using cryptography and distributed ledger technology, such as blockchain, to create and verify their existence. Operating independently from traditional financial institutions, cryptocurrencies are subject to volatile prices, security risks, operational challenges, as well as operational benefits that vary between platforms and industries. They’re frequently used as mediums of exchange or store of value, among other business functions; additionally they bring up wider policy issues that should be considered, including consumer and investor protection; strong market integrity protocols; anti-money laundering/countering terrorist financing strategies etc.

There is an expansive variety of crypto-assets, including currencies, tokens and other digital assets. Some may be backed by fiat currency or assets while others do not; to ensure an effective analysis of related financial stability risks in this marketplace.

Tokens are units of value built upon a blockchain network that can be traded and exchanged as an instrument of trade. While tokens share many similarities with the cryptocurrency of that blockchain network, they represent their own distinct class of digital asset that may be created through Initial Coin Offerings or sold on platforms that accept them as payment for goods or services.

“Privacy coins” refers to crypto assets with privacy features that allow investors to protect their investments from surveillance. Often these coins are used in crowdfunding campaigns as an effective means of raising capital for new ventures or products.

Regulators for crypto-asset trading platforms and companies are still developing, leaving purchasers, speculators, and investors uncertain when or if securities regulations apply to their activities. In the US, enforcement actions against companies and individuals selling crypto assets have been taken by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), with their search tool for securities registrations helping buyers ascertain whether their dealings involve registered entities. Canadian investors may contact FCNB for guidance regarding any applicable laws or regulations for crypto asset transactions.


Blockchain is an immutable digital ledger which records transactions securely. It forms the backbone for Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies, but can also be used to record and track almost anything of value. Furthermore, its technology forms part of smart contracts and decentralized applications.

Blockchains are ideal for businesses that need to verify or exchange information quickly and securely, eliminating centralized verification costs while cutting transaction fees for credit card-processed payments – saving thousands per month in fees for small businesses.

Blockchains are digital databases used to store and share information across the internet. As an open source technology, they’re known for being highly difficult to hack – this is due to how blockchains store information in blocks linked together into chains called chains; once information has been recorded onto these chains it cannot be altered or deleted easily.

Blockchains offer another advantage in that they’re easily accessible to anyone with an internet connection, making them a useful tool for tracking food origin, combatting fraud, protecting intellectual property and helping address global warming and water scarcity issues. Individuals also gain control of their personal data with blockchain technology allowing individuals to manage it themselves.

There are two primary types of blockchains: public and private. Public blockchains are open to everyone and secured using cryptography algorithms; while private ones are restricted to specific organizations or people. A private one with permissioned capabilities is known as permissioned blockchains.

Blockchains may not be a panacea, however. They are susceptible to technical errors and hacking attempts; therefore it’s crucial that people understand how they work before adopting them. Furthermore, their structure could cause performance issues.

To minimize these risks, it is vital that businesses create an in-depth cybersecurity plan. This should involve training staff members on how to detect and respond to threats; doing so will also protect the integrity of your blockchain while assuring its safe usage.